Diet and
Weight-loss Products
Website Closing Soon - Domain and Content for sale CLICK.

The Health Information Network
Education - Business - Product & Service Reviews
The Travel Guide
 Your Health

 Home Page
 Articles & Reviews
 Animal Health
 Common Diseases
 Diet & Nutrition
 Product Reviews
 Skin Care
 Spiritual Healing

 About us
  Holistic Bodywork
  Learn Massage
  New Zealand Gift Ideas




Ayurveda > Kayachikitsa (treatment)

By Dr. Satish Kulkarni

Kaya means body and chikitsa means treatment in the literal sense. But a complete meaning of the word kayachikitsa is treatment of the body internally and externally, in every possible way, in health and in diseased condition, in all seasons—high and low— so as to maintain and achieve a status of complete health. Ayurveda takes a holistic approach to the treatment of the body. Change in food, change in clothing, change in residence as per seasonal needs, change in lifestyle—ayam and vyayam (exertion and exercise), yogasadhana (yogic exercises for body and mind), gati (movements) and many similar things are included in kayachikitsa. Thus kayachikitsa means total treatment of the body as is necessary. This provides fitness and assures health.

We saw in the article on pathology that Ayurveda follows two ways of treatment: shaman and shodhan. Shaman is soothing. It provides cooling to the irritated body and mind. It gives internal and external peace to both the body and the mind. It is a method aimed at achieving a status of health with some rest and/or mild medicines. Shaman walks by the side of the body on the path of treatment. It does not interfere with the functions of the body aggressively but provides necessary lubrication.

Shodhan is a stronger way of treating the diseased body, especially aggrieved doshas (basic body elements) and dathus (body tissues). It is a group of therapies, which are basically cleansing procedures. They help in cleansing the body in every possible way.

Shaman and Shodhan constitute one way of classification. Shaman includes snehan and swedan. Snehan is oiling of the body internally and/or externally. Swedan is induced sweating, preferably to be done after snehan.

If shaman is not sufficient to tackle the dysfunction of the body, shodhan is considered. Shodhan is used to wash out inflammation in dosha-dhatu-mala and to establish a state of health again. Shodhan includes vaman (artificially induced vomiting), virechan (bowel cleaning with the help of mild/strong herbal laxatives), basti (medicated enema), nasya (administration of medicines through nasal route) and lastly raktamoksha (‘impure’ blood letting).

There is another way of classifying treatments. It divides chikitsa (treatment) into three parts. These are purva-karma (pre-procedures), panch-karma (five main procedures which are executed when thorough cleansing of the body is necessary) and pashchat-karma (follow-up treatment). Snehan and Swedan are said to be purva-karma; vaman, virechan, basti, nasya and raktamoksha come under the heading of panch-karma and treatments like balya or bruhan (strengthening the body), santarpan (nurturing the body), rasayana (rejuvenating therapy) and vajikaran (improving sexual performance) are pashchat-karma.

To summarize, pancha-karma is purification therapy, introduced by Ayurveda. It is done after purva-karma and followed by pashchat-karma. All these are scientific and systemic procedures. They are used when the body is unable to cope up with its situation. These procedures help in bringing aggrieved dosha-dhatu-mala back to normal status. They also help in eradicating accumulated ama (toxins) from the body.

Elimination of unwanted or toxic substances is a basic tendency of the body. If the body fails to do this on its own, then milder procedures like shaman can help. If shaman too does not work, then complete cleansing is achieved through one or more procedures of the panch-karma.




Ayurvedic Milestones
Ayurvedic Thought
 Vaat, Pitta, Kafa, Dosh
 Dhatu, Mala, Fire
Pathology - Ama
 Ashtang Ayurved
 Agad Tantra
 Kaumar Bhrutya Tantra
 Shalya Tantra
 Shalakya tantra

Actual Case Notes
 Asthmatic Bronchitis
 Bleeding per anum
 Hair Loss
 Pregnancy Care
 Senile Debility
 Solution To Baldness
 Vaat Related Fever

Academic References
Ayurvedic Herbs


Learn Massage

Grow Your
Own Breasts





All Information is provided for educational purposes only and not intended
to be used for any therapeutic purpose, neither is it intended to diagnose,
prevent, treat or cure any disease. Please consult a health care
professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.
While attempts have been made to ensure the accuracy of this information,
The Health Information Network does not accept any responsibility for any errors or omissions.

ęCopyright 2014 The Health Information Network