Diet and
Weight-loss Products
Reviewed
Website Closing Soon - Domain and Content for sale CLICK.

The Health Information Network
Education - Business - Product & Service Reviews
travel
The Travel Guide
 Your Health

 Home Page
 Articles & Reviews
 Animal Health
 Ayurveda
 Books
 Common Diseases
 Diet & Nutrition
 Drugs
 Features
 Healing
 Herbs
 Massage
 Men
 Minerals
 Poisons
 Product Reviews
 Psychology
 Skin Care
 Sleep
 Spiritual Healing
 Tantra
 Tarot
 Vitamins
 Wisdom
 Women

 About us
 Links
  Holistic Bodywork
  Humour
  Learn Massage
  New Zealand Gift Ideas
  Travel

Search



 

spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
 

Ayurveda > Shalya Tantra

By Dr. Satish Kulkarni

We have seen in the last article that Ashtanga Ayurved means an eight-branched tree, which collectively constitutes treatment of different problems, the human body may face. The details of these eight specialized branches are elaborately given in three ancient ayurvedic text books viz. Charak sanhita, Sushrut sanhita and Vagbhata’s Ashtang hrudaya.

Ayurved believes that our body is created of five universal factors. These are Earth (pruthvi), Water (aap), Divine Fire (tej), Air (vayu) and Universal Space (aakash). These five factors are called the panchmahabhootas, which ultimately create three basic constituents, treedoshas (tree = three, doshas = basic components or organizations) vaat-pitta and kafa. These three constituents govern our body, a miraculous creation of nature. When there is imbalance in one/two/all of these three we enter in area called illness.

Ayurved has described medicinal way of treatment, which is called Kaya chikitsa. But at times disease crosses this limit and surgical intervention becomes inevitable. These surgical methods, which are pioneered by ayurved in ancient Indian time, are known by the name Shalya tantra. Literary meaning of Shalya tantra is removal of irritating factor from human body. Shalya means cause, which produces pain, or factor, which induces irritation and tantra means technique by which this cause/factor is removed.

In Sushrut sanhita, one of the famous ayurvedic textbooks Shalya tantra is described in detail. In fact Sushrut was more of a surgeon than physician. In his magnum opus work, Sushrut sanhita he gives a detailed account of surgical interventions in different surgery needed conditions. It’s really interesting to read these techniques from the original book i.e. Sushrut sanhita and one will be amazed to read that thousand of years ago surgical techniques were available and widely practiced in India.

The original text of Sushrut sanhita describes in details about many surgical methods including removal of foreign objects from the human body. Sushrut sanhita tells us how to deal with Arbuda (different types of tumors), Aghata (trauma injuries), dushta vrana (non healing wounds), Udar (ascitis), Asthi bhang (Fractures of bones) etc. In addition Sushruta and his followers have suggested procedures, which deal with complications during pregnancy and labour. Sushrut sanhita gives directive principles in case of obstruction in intestinal loop. And to our surprise this famous surgical school talks about cosmetic surgery also.

The surgical instruments were derived from natural substances like branches of trees, broad leaves etc. For ligatures a creeper i.e. a climbing plant was sometimes used.

Sushrut says, Shalya tantra is needed when problem is beyond capacity of medical treatment. Shalya tantra should be used to give faster relief in certain conditions where Kaya chikitsa will fall short. For Arbuda (abscesses, cysts), for Gandamala (enlarged lymph nodes), for Mul- vyadhi (hemorrhoids), for Gud-bransh (prolapse rectum), for Ashmari (stones), for Mutravaodh (retention of urine) and for stanarog (breast diseases) Shalya tantra is treatment of choice that’s what Sushrut comments.

The major draw back of Shalya tantra was lack of proper aseptic precautions at that time. In addition the instruments in use were crude and their use was painful.

To summerize, we can see seeds of modern surgery in Sushrut sanhita. Sushrut was the first Indian surgeon who discussed surgical techniques which was a bold step towards relief of pain for mankind. If we will read these techniques considering the very fact that they were in practice before 1000 years we will definitely appreciate this valuable work of ancient time.

 




 

Index
Introduction
Medicines
Ayurvedic Milestones
Ayurvedic Thought
 Vaat, Pitta, Kafa, Dosh
 Dhatu, Mala, Fire
Pathology - Ama
Treatments
 Shaman
 Ashtang Ayurved
 Agad Tantra
 Bhut-vidya
 Kayachikitsa
 Kaumar Bhrutya Tantra
 Purva-karma
 Panch-karma
 Vaman
 Virechan
 Basti
 Nasya
 Rakta-moksha
 Shaman
 Shalya Tantra
 Shalakya tantra
 Rasayana-Chikitsa
 Vajikaran-Chikitsa

Actual Case Notes
 Asthmatic Bronchitis
 Bleeding per anum
 Constipation
 Diarrhea
 Hair Loss
 Infections
 Libido
 Osteoarthritis
 Psychiatry
 Pregnancy Care
 Senile Debility
 Solution To Baldness
 Vaat Related Fever

Academic References
Ayurvedic Herbs
NCCAM

 
Advertising
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer
spacer


Learn Massage


Grow Your
Own Breasts

Naturally




Weight-loss
Products
Reviewed


Fishpond


Top

Disclaimer:
All Information is provided for educational purposes only and not intended
to be used for any therapeutic purpose, neither is it intended to diagnose,
prevent, treat or cure any disease. Please consult a health care
professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.
While attempts have been made to ensure the accuracy of this information,
The Health Information Network does not accept any responsibility for any errors or omissions.

ęCopyright 2014 The Health Information Network