Essential protein and primary nutrition
Without getting to deep into the word meanings, let simply use this definition; a nut is the seed of any fruit and seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a covering called the seed coat or husk, usually with some stored food. In other words, nuts and seeds carry the fertilised genetic information and nutrition necessary to grow into another plant of its own species.
Seeds include also include grains and they supply a broad spectrum of essential nutrients necessary for our health and well being. In general, seeds such as wheat provide more carbohydrates whereas beans and nuts provide a higher ratio of protein.
- Beans (also known as legumes or pulses) are protein-rich seeds.
- Grains are from grass-like crops that are harvested and often ground to make flour. They are divided into cereals and Pseudocereals.
- Nuts are botanically a specific type of fruit but the term is also applied to many edible seeds that are not botanically nuts.
- Gymnosperms produce nut-like seeds but neither flowers nor fruits.
Lentils or vigna, peanuts and bambara (groundnut), black eyed pea, common garden beans including scarlet runners and broad beans, Chickpeas, Cowpeas, Black eyed pea, Hyacinth bean, lupins, peas, pigeon peas and soya beans.
Although some beans can be consumed raw, many need to be cooked before consumption.
Grains (cereals) include:
Barley, Maize (corn), Millet, Oats, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, Spelt, Teff, Triticale, Wheat and Wild rice.
Acacia seed, buckwheat, cattail, chia, flax, amaranth, kańiwa, pitseed and goosefoot