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Ayurveda > Kaumar Bhrutya Tantra

By Dr. Satish Kulkarni

Kaumarbhrutya tantra or balopacharaniya is one of the eight specialized branches of ashtang ayurved, which deals particularly with pediatric issues. It covers all aspects of child growth from the neonatal phase to adolescence including treatment for problems at every stage.

Vagbhata, famous for his great critical writings on ancestral ayurved sanhitas, wrote two books namely Ashtang Hrudaya (heart of the eight-organed body of ayurved) and Vagbhata Sanhita. Vagbhata spent his life preparing these granthas (mega books), which are of great use in the day-to-day practice of ayurveda. In these granthas, Vagbhata collected all the relevant information for day-to-day practice, by editing ancestral sanhitas like Charak Sanhita, Sushrut Sanhita and Sharangdhar Sanhita. He also took pains to sort this body of ancestral knowledge and put it in chronological order. His editing and ordering helped his followers for further research. In addition, Vagbhata answered many ‘how and why’ questions.

Vagbhata Sanhita and Ashtang Hruday are books of ready to use information in palatable form. Vagbhata arranged his collection in ‘files’ and ‘folders’. Some of these are sutra sthana (history of ayurved and science in short), sharir sthana (embryology, gynecology, midwifery, anatomy, signs of death), nidaan (diagnosis), chikitsa (internal medicine), kalpa (ayurvedic pharmacopeias), and uttar sthana {(shalya tantra (surgery), shalakya tantra (ophthalmology and certain problems related to cranial nerves), kaumar bhrutya tantra (pediatrics), vish tantra or agad tantra (toxicology), bhut vidya (psychiatry), rasayana chikitsa (rejuvenation) and vajikaran (aphrodisiac.)}

The branch kaumarbrutya tantra deals with prenatal, natal and postnatal care in addition to gynecology and obstetrics. The ayurvedic stream of thought believed in principles like ‘a healthy baby is tomorrow’s society’ and ‘neonatal care in time saves future medi-care for a lifetime’. In view of achieving its ultimate aim of creating a healthy society, ayurvedic scholars elaborately described precautions to be taken at every stage of life, from conception to adolescence, in kaumarbrutya tantra. This specialized branch recognized direct links between the physical and mental health of an expecting mother and that of her progeny. It addressed the need for society to remain healthy by giving detailed instructions for care to be taken by a couple planning a family.

Ayurvedic scholars knew that mother’s milk is the best for a baby. It is a must for growth and immunity building. Going one step ahead, they suggested that a child should be fed by another lactating mother if its own mother cannot lactate enough milk. This feeding mother was called the milk mother.

Kaumarbrutya tantra also deals with causes of infertility and treatment for the same. To summarize, kaumarbrutya tantra is that branch of ashtang ayurved, which deals with pediatric issues. It covers all topics related to child health, from conception to adolescence.


Ayurvedic Milestones
Ayurvedic Thought
 Vaat, Pitta, Kafa, Dosh
 Dhatu, Mala, Fire
Pathology - Ama
 Ashtang Ayurved
 Agad Tantra
 Kaumar Bhrutya Tantra
 Shalya Tantra
 Shalakya tantra

Actual Case Notes
 Asthmatic Bronchitis
 Bleeding per anum
 Hair Loss
 Pregnancy Care
 Senile Debility
 Solution To Baldness
 Vaat Related Fever

Academic References
Ayurvedic Herbs


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